Tue. Jun 25th, 2024

The Animal and Plant Tissues

Animal and Plant Tissues

Q1. What is the basic unit of animal tissue?
a) Cell
b) Organ
c) System
d) Organism
Answer: a) Cell

Q2. Which tissue covers the surface of the body and lines internal organs and cavities?
a) Connective tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Epithelial tissue
d) Nervous tissue
Answer: c) Epithelial tissue

Q3. What is the main function of connective tissue?
a) Contracting to produce movement
b) Providing support and structure
c) Transmitting electrical signals
d) Controlling and coordinating body activities
Answer: b) Providing support and structure

Q4. Which of the following is not a type of muscle tissue?
a) Skeletal muscle
b) Cardiac muscle
c) Smooth muscle
d) Nervous muscle
Answer: d) Nervous muscle

Q5. What is the primary function of nervous tissue?
a) Providing support and structure
b) Transmitting electrical signals
c) Contracting to produce movement
d) Controlling and coordinating body activities
Answer: d) Controlling and coordinating body activities

Q6. Which tissue stores fat in the body?
a) Adipose tissue
b) Areolar tissue
c) Reticular tissue
d) Dense irregular tissue
Answer: a) Adipose tissue

Q7. What is the function of blood tissue?
a) Transmitting electrical signals
b) Providing support and structure
c) Transporting nutrients and waste products
d) Contracting to produce movement
Answer: c) Transporting nutrients and waste products

Q8. Which type of tissue is responsible for voluntary movements in the body?
a) Skeletal muscle tissue
b) Cardiac muscle tissue
c) Smooth muscle tissue
d) Nervous tissue
Answer: a) Skeletal muscle tissue

Q9. Where is smooth muscle tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Biceps
d) Quadriceps
Answer: b) Intestines

Q10. Which tissue allows for the rapid transmission of electrical impulses?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Nervous tissue
d) Connective tissue
Answer: c) Nervous tissue

Q11. What is the structural unit of compact bone tissue?
a) Osteon
b) Chondrocyte
c) Osteocyte
d) Lamella
Answer: a) Osteon

Q12. Which tissue provides support and flexibility to structures such as the nose and ears?
a) Elastic cartilage
b) Fibrocartilage
c) Hyaline cartilage
d) Adipose tissue
Answer: a) Elastic cartilage

Q13. What is the main function of areolar tissue?
a) Providing support and structure
b) Storing fat
c) Transporting oxygen
d) Connecting and supporting other tissues
Answer: d) Connecting and supporting other tissues

Q14. Which tissue is responsible for the contraction of the heart?
a) Skeletal muscle tissue
b) Cardiac muscle tissue
c) Smooth muscle tissue
d) Nervous tissue
Answer: b) Cardiac muscle tissue

Q15. Which of the following is not a function of epithelial tissue?
a) Absorption
b) Secretion
c) Contraction
d) Protection
Answer: c) Contraction

Q16. Where is simple squamous epithelium found in the body?
a) Skin
b) Lining of blood vessels
c) Stomach lining
d) Urinary bladder
Answer: b) Lining of blood vessels

Q17. Which type of epithelial tissue is specialized for stretching?
a) Simple squamous
b) Stratified squamous
c) Transitional
d) Simple cuboidal
Answer: c) Transitional

Q18. What is the function of pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
a) Absorption
b) Protection
c) Secretion
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above

Q19. Which tissue type covers the surface of leaves, roots, and stems in plants?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Epidermal tissue
Answer: d) Epidermal tissue

Q20. What is the function of vascular tissue in plants?
a) Providing support and structure
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Producing food through photosynthesis
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: b) Transporting water and nutrients

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Q21. Which plant tissue type is responsible for photosynthesis?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: b) Ground tissue

Q22. What is the function of meristematic tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Providing support and structure
c) Producing new cells for growth
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: c) Producing new cells for growth

Q23. Where is collenchyma tissue found in plants?
a) Stem
b) Root
c) Leaf
d) Flower
Answer: a) Stem

Q24. Which plant tissue type is responsible for the storage of food and water?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: b) Ground tissue

Q25. What is the function of cork cambium in plants?
a) Producing new cells for growth
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing cork cells for bark
Answer: d) Producing cork cells for bark

Q26. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for the movement of water and nutrients?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: c) Vascular tissue

Q27. What is the primary function of xylem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support
d) Producing new cells
Answer: a) Transporting water and minerals

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Q28. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for gas exchange?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: a) Dermal tissue

Q29. Which type of cell has a cell wall?
a) Animal cell
b) Plant cell
c) Fungal cell
d) Both b and c
Answer: d) Both b and c

Q30. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for the transport of sugars?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: c) Vascular tissue

Q31. What is the function of phloem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support
d) Producing new cells
Answer: b) Transporting sugars

Q32. Where is the pericycle located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) Surrounding the vascular tissue
c) Surrounding the xylem
d) In the stem
Answer: a) In the center of the root

Q33. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for the storage of starch?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: b) Ground tissue

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Q34. What is the function of the epidermis in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Producing new cells for growth
c) Protecting the plant from pathogens
d) All of the above
Answer: c) Protecting the plant from pathogens

Q35. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for the production of new cells for growth?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: d) Meristematic tissue

Q36. Where is the apical meristem located in plants?
a) At the tips of roots and shoots
b) In the center of the root
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) In the stem
Answer: a) At the tips of roots and shoots

Q37. What is the function of the guard cells in plants?
a) Producing new cells for growth
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Regulating the opening and closing of stomata
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: c) Regulating the opening and closing of stomata

Q38. Where is the ground meristem located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q39. What is the function of the endodermis in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Producing new cells for growth
c) Regulating the movement of water and minerals into the vascular tissue
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: c) Regulating the movement of water and minerals into the vascular tissue

Q40. Which tissue type in animals is responsible for producing movement?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Nervous tissue
d) Connective tissue
Answer: b) Muscle tissue

Q41. Where is smooth muscle tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Biceps
d) Quadriceps
Answer: b) Intestines

Q42. What is the function of skeletal muscle tissue?
a) Contracting to produce movement
b) Transmitting electrical signals
c) Providing support and structure
d) Controlling and coordinating body activities
Answer: a) Contracting to produce movement

Q43. Which tissue type in animals is responsible for transmitting electrical signals?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Nervous tissue
d) Connective tissue
Answer: c) Nervous tissue

Q44. What is the main function of adipose tissue?
a) Contracting to produce movement
b) Providing support and structure
c) Storing fat
d) Transmitting electrical signals
Answer: c) Storing fat

Q45. Where is nervous tissue found in the body?
a) Skin
b) Brain
c) Blood vessels
d) Bones
Answer: b) Brain

Q46. Which tissue type in animals is responsible for protecting the body from pathogens?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Nervous tissue
d) Connective tissue
Answer: a) Epithelial tissue

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100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

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Q47. What is the function of blood tissue in animals?
a) Transmitting electrical signals
b) Providing support and structure
c) Transporting nutrients and waste products
d) Contracting to produce movement
Answer: c) Transporting nutrients and waste products

Q48. Where is cardiac muscle tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Biceps
d) Quadriceps
Answer: a) Heart

Q49. What is the function of connective tissue in animals?
a) Contracting to produce movement
b) Providing support and structure
c) Transmitting electrical signals
d) Controlling and coordinating body activities
Answer: b) Providing support and structure

Q50. Which tissue type in animals is responsible for controlling and coordinating body activities?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Muscle tissue
c) Nervous tissue
d) Connective tissue
Answer: c) Nervous tissue

Q51. What is the function of epithelial tissue in animals?
a) Producing movement
b) Transmitting electrical signals
c) Providing support and structure
d) Covering and protecting body surfaces
Answer: d) Covering and protecting body surfaces

Q52. Where is epithelial tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Skin
d) Bones
Answer: c) Skin

Q53. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for photosynthesis?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: b) Ground tissue

Q54. What is the function of meristematic tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Producing new cells for growth
c) Providing support
d) Transporting sugars
Answer: b) Producing new cells for growth

Q55. Where is the apical meristem located in plants?
a) At the tips of roots and shoots
b) In the center of the root
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) In the stem
Answer: a) At the tips of roots and shoots

Q56. What is the function of the xylem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support
d) Producing new cells for growth
Answer: a) Transporting water and minerals

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100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

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Q57. Where is the vascular cambium located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q58. What is the function of the cork cambium in plants?
a) Producing new cells for growth
b) Transporting water and minerals
c) Producing new cells for the bark
d) Providing support
Answer: c) Producing new cells for the bark

Q59. Where is the cork cambium located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q60. What is the function of the endodermis in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Producing new cells for growth
c) Regulating the movement of water and minerals into the vascular tissue
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: c) Regulating the movement of water and minerals into the vascular tissue

Q61. What is the function of connective tissue in animals?
a) Transmitting electrical signals
b) Covering and protecting body surfaces
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing movement
Answer: c) Providing support and structure

Q62. Which of the following is an example of connective tissue?
a) Skin
b) Muscle
c) Blood
d) Nervous tissue
Answer: c) Blood

Q63. What is the function of nervous tissue in animals?
a) Transmitting electrical signals
b) Covering and protecting body surfaces
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing movement
Answer: a) Transmitting electrical signals

Q64. Where is nervous tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Brain
d) Bones
Answer: c) Brain

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100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

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Q65. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for transporting water and nutrients?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: c) Vascular tissue

Q66. What is the function of dermal tissue in plants?
a) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing new cells for growth
Answer: a) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores

Q67. Where is the periderm located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q68. What is the function of the phloem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing new cells for growth
Answer: b) Transporting sugars

Q69. Where is the phloem located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: c) Surrounding the vascular tissue

Q70. What is the function of the sclerenchyma tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Providing support and structure
c) Producing new cells for growth
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens
Answer: b) Providing support and structure

Q71. Which of the following is not a type of animal tissue?
a) Epithelial tissue
b) Connective tissue
c) Muscular tissue
d) Vascular tissue
Answer: d) Vascular tissue

Q72. What is the function of epithelial tissue in animals?
a) Providing support and structure
b) Transmitting electrical signals
c) Covering and protecting body surfaces
d) Producing movement
Answer: c) Covering and protecting body surfaces

Q73. Where is epithelial tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Skin
d) Bones
Answer: c) Skin

Q74. What is the function of muscular tissue in animals?
a) Transmitting electrical signals
b) Covering and protecting body surfaces
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing movement
Answer: d) Producing movement

Q75. Where is muscular tissue found in the body?
a) Heart
b) Intestines
c) Brain
d) Bones
Answer: a) Heart

Q76. Which tissue type in plants is responsible for photosynthesis?
a) Dermal tissue
b) Ground tissue
c) Vascular tissue
d) Meristematic tissue
Answer: b) Ground tissue

Visit:

100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

120+ MCQs on Human Digestive System

Q77. What is the function of ground tissue in plants?
a) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Providing support and structure
d) Photosynthesis and storage
Answer: d) Photosynthesis and storage

Q78. Where is the ground tissue located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q79. What is the function of the xylem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing new cells for growth
Answer: a) Transporting water and minerals

Q80. Where is the xylem located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: c) Surrounding the vascular tissue

Q81. What is the primary function of phloem tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and minerals
b) Transporting sugars
c) Providing support and structure
d) Producing new cells for growth
Answer: b) Transporting sugars

Q82. Where is the phloem located in plants?
a) In the center of the root
b) In the stem
c) Surrounding the vascular tissue
d) Surrounding the apical meristem
Answer: b) In the stem

Q83. What is the function of meristematic tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Producing new cells for growth
c) Providing support and structure
d) Photosynthesis and storage
Answer: b) Producing new cells for growth

Q84. Where is meristematic tissue located in plants?
a) In the leaves
b) In the stem
c) In the roots
d) In the flowers
Answer: c) In the roots

Q85. What is the function of dermal tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
c) Providing support and structure
d) Photosynthesis and storage
Answer: b) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores

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100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

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Q86. Where is dermal tissue located in plants?
a) In the leaves
b) In the stem
c) In the roots
d) Covering the outer surface of the plant
Answer: d) Covering the outer surface of the plant

Q87. What is the function of vascular tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
c) Providing support and structure
d) Photosynthesis and storage
Answer: a) Transporting water and nutrients

Q88. Where is vascular tissue located in plants?
a) In the leaves
b) In the stem
c) In the roots
d) Covering the outer surface of the plant
Answer: b) In the stem

Q89. What is the function of connective tissue in animals?
a) Covering and protecting body surfaces
b) Producing movement
c) Connecting and supporting other tissues and organs
d) Transmitting electrical signals
Answer: c) Connecting and supporting other tissues and organs

Q90. Where is connective tissue found in the body?
a) Skin
b) Muscles
c) Nerves
d) Bones
Answer: d) Bones

Q91. What is the function of epithelial tissue in animals?
a) Providing support and structure
b) Producing movement
c) Transmitting electrical signals
d) Covering and protecting body surfaces
Answer: d) Covering and protecting body surfaces

Q92. Where is epithelial tissue found in the body?
a) In the bones
b) In the muscles
c) In the skin
d) In the nerves
Answer: c) In the skin

Q93. What is the function of muscle tissue in animals?
a) Covering and protecting body surfaces
b) Producing movement
c) Connecting and supporting other tissues and organs
d) Transmitting electrical signals
Answer: b) Producing movement

Q94. Where is muscle tissue found in the body?
a) Skin
b) Bones
c) Nerves
d) Muscles
Answer: d) Muscles

Q95. What is the function of nervous tissue in animals?
a) Covering and protecting body surfaces
b) Producing movement
c) Connecting and supporting other tissues and organs
d) Transmitting electrical signals
Answer: d) Transmitting electrical signals

Q96. Where is nervous tissue found in the body?
a) Skin
b) Bones
c) Muscles
d) Nerves
Answer: d) Nerves

Q97. What is the function of ground tissue in plants?
a) Transporting water and nutrients
b) Providing support and structure
c) Photosynthesis and storage
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
Answer: b) Providing support and structure

Q98. Where is ground tissue found in plants?
a) In the stem
b) In the roots
c) In the leaves
d) Covering the outer surface of the plant
Answer: c) In the leaves

Q99. What is the function of vascular cambium in plants?
a) Producing new cells for growth
b) Transporting water and nutrients
c) Providing support and structure
d) Protecting the plant from pathogens and herbivores
Answer: a) Producing new cells for growth

Q100. Where is vascular cambium located in plants?
a) In the stem
b) In the roots
c) In the leaves
d) Covering the outer surface of the plant
Answer: a) In the stem

Visit:

100+ MCQs on Animal and Plant Cell

120+ MCQs on Human Digestive System

 

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