Fri. May 24th, 2024

Parul Target Madhyamik 2024: English Model Set 1

Parul Target Madhyamik 2024: English Model Set 1

Section A: Reading Comprehension (Seen)

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

It is always lovely on the Big Half Moon in summer. When it is fine, the harbour is blue and calm, with little wind and ripples. Every summer, we had some hobby. The last summer before Dick and Mimi came, we were crazy about kites. A boy on the mainland showed Claude how to make them. Back on the island we made plenty of kites. Claude would go around to the other side of the island and we would play shipwrecked mariners signalling to each other with kites.

We had a kite that was big and covered with lovely red paper. We pasted gold tinsel stars all over it and had written our names full on it-Claude Leete and Philippa Leete, Big Half Moon lighthouse.

One day there was a grand wind for kite-flying. I’m not sure how it happened, but as I was bringing the kite from the house, I tripped and fell over the rocks. My elbow went clear through the kite, making a big hole. We had to hurry to fix the kite if we wanted to send it up before the wind fell. We rushed into the lighthouse to get some paper. We knew there was no more red paper. We took the first thing that came handy—an old letter lying on the bookcase in the sitting room. We patched the kite up with the letter, a sheet on each side and dried it by the fire. We started out, and up went the kite like a bird. The wind was glorious and it soared. All at once-snap! And there was Claude, standing with a bit of cord in his hand, looking foolish. Our kite had sailed away over to the mainland.

A. Write the correct alternatives to complete the following sentences:

(i) When the weather is fine, the harbour looks-

(a) black and calm (b) blue and calm (c) blue and stormy (d) green and quiet

(b) blue and calm

 

(ii) In summer the harbour is-

(a) cloudy (b) tranquil (c) noisy (d) tempestuous

(b) tranquil

 

(iii) Claude and Philippa made-

(a) one kite (b) four kites (c) two kites (d) many kites

(d) many kites

 

(iv) The narrator and Claude had some hobby every-

(a) winter (b) summer (c) autumn (d) spring

(b) summer

 

(v) Claude and Philippa patched the kite up with-

(a) a red paper (b) a newspaper (c) an envelope (d) a letter

(d) a letter

 

B. Complete the following sentences with information from the text:

(i) Claude and Philippa played

Claude and Philippa played shipwrecked mariners signalling to each other with kites.

 

(ii) The big kite was covered with

The big kite was covered with lovely red paper and had gold tinsel stars all over it.

 

(iii) Philippa’s elbow went through

Philippa’s elbow went through the kite, making a big hole.

 

C. Answer the following questions:

(i) Describe the weather on the Big Half Moon in summer.

The weather on the Big Half Moon in summer is described as lovely when it’s fine. The harbour is blue and calm, with little wind and ripples.

 

(ii) Why was Claude standing foolishly?

Claude was standing foolishly because the kite they had patched up with an old letter had sailed away over to the mainland, and he was left holding a bit of cord, realizing that their efforts to fix the kite had been in vain.

 

2. Read the poem and answer the questions given below:

Once I crept in an oakwood-I was looking for a stag.
I met an old woman there-all knobbly stick and rag.
She said: ‘I have your secret here inside my little bag?

Then she began to cackle and I began to quake.
She opened up her little bag and I came twice awake-
Surrounded by a staring tribe and me tied to a stake.

They said: ‘We are the oak-trees and your own true family.
We are chopped down, we are torn up, you do not blink an eye.
Unless you make a promise now-now you are going to die’.

 

A. Write the correct alternatives to complete the following sentences:

(i) The poet entered the forest _____

(a) noisily (b) stealthily (c) suddenly (d) accidentally

(b) stealthily.

 

(ii) The woman’s cackle made the poet _____ 

(a) feel safe (b) feel hope (c) feel nervous (d) feel sleepy 

(c) feel nervous.

 

(iii) The oak trees’ look at the poet was _______

(a) kind (b) curious (c) fixed and hard (d) casual

(c) fixed and hard.

 

(iv) The oak trees wanted the poet to make a _______ 

(a) prayer (b) pledge (c) contract (d) wish

(b) pledge.

 

1. Answer the following questions:

(i) What did the old woman say about the bag?.

The old woman said, “I have your secret here inside my little bag.”

 

(ii) Where was the poet tied to?

The poet was tied to a stake.

 

Reading Comprehension (Unseen)

3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Under the prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006, the legal age of betrothal and marriage for girls is 18 years and for boys it is 21 years. In spite of several years of this Act being in existence, the early betrothal and marriage of children continues to be a norm in West Bengal. According to the District Level Health Survey, the state ranks fifth highest in the country when it comes to the prevalence of child marriage.

In view of the above, the department of Women Development and Social Welfare, West Bengal (DWSW) formulated Kanyashree Prakalpa, a conditional cash, transfer scheme with the aim of improving the status and well-being of the girl child, in West Bengal Government sponsored scheme which will be implemented henceforth in all districts of the state.

While a number of factors contribute towards girls dropping out of school human rights and research shows that major obstacles of girls’ education are child marriage and domestic chores. Ensuring that girls, stay in school is one of the most effective protective measures against child marriage. Given that child marriage has a grossly negative impact on the lives of children, adolescents and young women, this scheme is expected to bring about measurable improved outcomes for the education, health and empowerment of the state’s girls, their children and immeasurable benefits for large society.

A. Write the correct alternatives to complete the following sentences:

(i) The legal age of betrothal and marriage for boys is-

(a) 18 years (b) 19 years (c) 20 years (d) 21 years

(d) 21 years

 

(ii) The state rank of West Bengal in relation to the practice of child marriage has been declared-

(a) second (b) fourth (c) fifth (d) eighth-

(c) fifth

 

(iii) The Kanyashree Prakalpa will be sponsored by-

(a) W. B. Government (b) Central Government (c) Health Department (d) Post Office

(a) W. B. Government

 

(iv) Apart from child marriage, another factor for girl drop outs is-

(a) ignorance (b) poverty (c) guardian’s objection (d) domestic chores

(d) domestic chores

 

(v) The scheme is expected to bring about-

(a) improvement (b) devastation (c) poverty (d) health hazards

(a) improvement

 

(vi) The above text is-

(a) an essay (b) a report (c) a story (d) a notification

(b) a report

 

B. Each of the following statements is either True or False. Write ‘T’ for True and ‘F’ for False in the boxes on the right-hand side. Provide suitable line(s) or phrase from the passage in support of your answers:

(i) The Kanyashree Prakalpa is funded by the Central Government.
Supporting sentence:____

F 

Supporting sentence: “The department of Women Development and Social Welfare, West Bengal (DWSW) formulated Kanyashree Prakalpa, a conditional cash, transfer scheme with the aim of improving the status and well-being of the girl child, in West Bengal Government sponsored scheme”

 

(ii) There has been an alarming rise of child marriage in West Bengal in recent past.
Supporting sentence:____

F 

Supporting sentence: The passage does not provide information about a recent rise in child marriages in West Bengal.

 

(iii) The incentive provided under Kanyashree Prakalpa ceases once the girl is 18 years old.
Supporting sentence:______

F 

Supporting sentence: The passage does not provide information about when the incentives under Kanyashree Prakalpa cease.

 

C. Answer the following questions:

(i) How effective has the ‘Prohibition of Child Marriage Act’ been in West Bengal in preventing early marriage of children?

TheProhibition of Child Marriage Acthas not been very effective in preventing early marriage of children in West Bengal. Despite the Act being in existence for several years, early betrothal and marriage of children continues to be a norm in the state.

 

(ii) What are the major obstacles to girls’ education in West Bengal?

The major obstacles to girls’ education in West Bengal are child marriage and domestic chores. These factors often lead to girls dropping out of school.

 

(iii) Mention two projected benefits of Kanyashree Prakalpa. 

Two projected benefits of Kanyashree Prakalpa are:

  • Improvement in the education, health, and empowerment of the state’s girls.
  • Benefits for the larger society, which although immeasurable, are expected to be significant.

 

(iv) What is an effective measure to curb the menace of child marriage?

An effective measure to curb the menace of child marriage is ensuring that girls stay in school. Education is one of the most effective protective measures against child marriage.

 

Section B: Grammar & Vocabulary

4. Write the correct alternatives to fill in the blanks:

The old fort ______ (build) in the 14th century by Muhammad bin Tughluq who _______ (be) popularly ______ (know) as the mad king.

The old fort was built in the 14th century by Muhammad bin Tughluq who is popularly known as the mad king.

 

5 A. Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles and prepositions:

All ___(i)__ girls ___(ii)___ this village have promised to fight against the curse ___(iii)___ child marriage.  

All the girls in this village have promised to fight against the curse of child marriage.

 

B. Do as directed:

(i) Niren is the tallest boy in the class. [Change the degree of comparison]

No other boy in the class is as tall as Niren.

 

(ii) “How did you solve the problem?” Dr Watson said to Sherlock Holmes. [Turn into indirect speech]

Dr Watson asked Sherlock Holmes how he had solved the problem.

 

(iii) Garbage causes pollution. It may be used as a source of energy. [Join into a single sentence using a relative clause]

Garbage, which may be used as a source of energy, causes pollution.

 

C. Choose the correct phrasal verbs from the list given below to replace the words underlined. Write the correct phrasal verbs in the boxes on the right-hand side changing the forms, where necessary. There is one extra phrasal verb in the list:

(i) They never quarrelled among themselves.

(ii) The man abandoned evil company..

(iii) He wore white shirt.

[List: give up, put on, call off, fall out]

(i) They never fell out among themselves.

(ii) The man gave up evil company.

(iii) He put on a white shirt.

 

6. Given below are the meanings of four words which you will find in Question No. 3. Find out the words and write them in the appropriate boxes on the right-hand side:

(i) contract for a future marriage ______

betrothal

 

(ii) in existence ______

being

 

(iii) related to law ______

legal

 

(iv) enforced ______

implemented

 

Section C: Writing Skill

7. Write a story (within 100 words) using the given hints. Give a title to the story.

[Points: Festivals of colours-boys and girls playing colours become careless-run here and there-one come on road-run over by a speeding Tata Sumo-joy changes to extreme sorrow-reckless merriment may cause death.]

Title: The Tragic Holi

The festival of colours was in full swing. Boys and girls, their faces smeared with vibrant hues, were running around in a frenzy of joy. Amidst the laughter and merriment, they became careless. One boy, caught up in the excitement, dashed onto the road just as a speeding Tata Sumo was passing by. The joyous atmosphere turned into one of extreme sorrow as the boy was run over. The tragic incident served as a grim reminder that reckless merriment can lead to devastating consequences, even death.

তোমাদের বোঝার সুবিধার জন্য বাংলায় অনুবাদ করে দেওয়া হলো :

শিরোনাম: হোলির মর্মান্তিক ঘটনা

রঙের উৎসব হোলি তখন জমে উঠেছিল। ছেলে-মেয়েরা মুখে রঙ মাখিয়ে আনন্দে মাতোয়ারা হয়ে ছিল। হাসি-আনন্দের মধ্যে তারা অসাবধান হয়ে যায়। এক ছেলে, উত্তেজনার বশে, রাস্তায় ছুটে আসে ঠিক যে সময় একটি দ্রুতগামী টাটা সুমো গাড়ি ছুটে আসছিল। গাড়ি ছেলেটিকে চাপা দিয়ে দেয়। আনন্দের পরিবেশ তখন গভীর শোকের পরিবেশে পরিণত হয়। এই ঘটনাটি একটি ভয়াবহ সতর্কবাণী হিসাবে কাজ করে যে অসাবধান আনন্দ মারাত্মক পরিণতি, এমনকি মৃত্যুও ঘটাতে পারে।

 

8. Write a story (within 100 words) using the given hints. Give a title to the story.

[Points: A son born to a king-queen dies-king engages a young nurse to look after the prince-King’s enemies plot to kill the prince-nurse comes to know of the plot-leaves her own child dressed as prince- enemies kill nurse’s own child-king offers reward for saving prince’s life-nurse refuses and kills herself.]

Title: The Sacrifice of a Mother

A king was blessed with a son, but the queen died during childbirth. A young nurse was hired to care for the prince. However, the king’s enemies plotted to kill the prince. The nurse discovered their plan and, in a heartbreaking decision, left her own child dressed as the prince. The enemies, fooled by the disguise, killed her child instead. The king offered a reward for saving the prince’s life, but the nurse, consumed by grief over her child’s death, refused the reward and took her own life. Her sacrifice served as a poignant reminder of a mother’s love.

তোমাদের বোঝার সুবিধার জন্য বাংলায় অনুবাদ করে দেওয়া হলো :

শিরোনাম: একজন মায়ের ত্যাগ

এক রাজার এক পুত্র সন্তান ছিল, কিন্তু প্রসবের সময় রানীর মৃত্যু হয়। রাজপুত্রকে দেখাশোনা করার জন্য একজন তরুণী সেবিকাকে নিযুক্ত করা হয়। যাইহোক, রাজার শত্রুরা রাজপুত্রকে হত্যা করার পরিকল্পনা করে। সেই সেবিকা তাদের পরিকল্পনাটি জানতে পারে এবং হৃদয়বিদারক সিদ্ধান্তে তার নিজের সন্তানকে রাজপুত্রের পোশাক পরিয়ে রাখে। শত্রুরা ছদ্মবেশে বোকা হয়ে তার ছেলেটিকেই হত্যা করে।

রাজা রাজপুত্রের জীবন বাঁচানোর জন্য পুরস্কার ঘোষণা করেন, কিন্তু তার ছেলের মৃত্যুর বেদনায় কাতর সেবিকা পুরস্কার অস্বীকার করেন এবং নিজের জীবন নেন। তার ত্যাগ একজন মায়ের ভালোবাসার একটি মর্মস্পর্শী স্মারক হিসাবে কাজ করে।

 

9. Suppose you are the secretary of the Eco-club of your school. Now write a notice for the students on “Safe Drinking Water” to make them conscious about the problems of drinking water. Use the following points (in about 100 words):

[Points: Water—a great need-source and substance of life—vital basic need-safe water for drinking—unsafe water-causes of diseases like diarrhoea, jaundice, typhoid-in India-unsafe water-a great problem- UNICEF programme taken for safe water for all. (The notice will be countersigned by the President of the Eco-Club)]

NOTICE

Subject: Safe Drinking Water

Dear Students,

Water is the source and substance of life, a vital basic need for all living beings. However, it is crucial that the water we consume is safe. Unsafe water can lead to diseases like diarrhoea, jaundice, and typhoid.

In India, unsafe water is a significant problem. Therefore, it is essential to be conscious about the quality of water we drink. UNICEF has initiated a programme to ensure safe water for all. Let’s support this initiative and make sure we consume and promote the use of safe drinking water.

Stay healthy, stay safe!

Secretary, Eco-Club

Countersigned by: President, Eco-Club

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